Facts and Figures

Information About North Yorkshire

North Yorkshire is England’s largest county, stretching from the North Sea coast to within 12 miles of Morecombe Bay, and from south of the M62 to the edge of Teesside.

The county is served by North Yorkshire County Council as well as seven district councils, these are:

  • Craven District Council
  • Hambleton District Council
  • Harrogate Borough Council
  • Richmondshire District Council
  • Ryedale District Council
  • Scarborough Borough Council
  • Selby District Council

In addition to the County and District Councils, the county is served by a range of partners including six Clinical Commissioning Groups, 47 Secondary Schools and Academies, 321 Primary Schools, 11 Special Schools, a countywide multi-agency Youth Justice Service, North Yorkshire Police and the Learning and Skills Council (with the last two agencies also covering the City of York).

North Yorkshire is sparsely populated with some 598,376 “usual residents” recorded in the 2011 Census (a usual resident of the UK is anyone who, on census day, was in the UK and had stayed or intended to stay in the UK for a period of 12 months or more, or had a permanent UK address and was outside the UK and intended to be outside the UK for less than 12 months).

The population is spread across 803,761 hectares (approximately 3,100 square miles); around 80% of North Yorkshire is defined as ‘super sparse’ with an average of 0.7 people per hectare. The densest populated area by hectare is Selby with an average of 1.4 people per hectare falling to 0.3 persons per hectare in Ryedale, with the largest populated district being Harrogate. Around 20% of the population live in the two major urban centres – Harrogate and Scarborough. The majority of the remaining population live in one of the 28 or so small market towns (only four with a population over 15,000) and the many small villages and hamlets.

Reports and information on population statistics gathered by North Yorkshire County Council and other sources are available here.

Children and Education

There are approximately 128,250 children and young people aged between 0 and 18 years of age in North Yorkshire, making up approximately 21% of the population. Approximately 2,000 of these children are disabled.

Based on the January 2012 School Census, there are 75,103 children and young people in maintained primary and secondary schools. The proportion of children/young people at school age to ethnic background is shown in the table below.

Total Pupils 75,103










Other 1.6%

In the January 2013 School Census there were 46 children and young people identified as travellers of Irish heritage or Gypsy/Roma.

Parents have the ability to elect to teach their children at home on a full or part-time basis. Parents electing to home school their child must ensure that the child receives a full-time education from the age of 5 but they are not required to follow the national curriculum.

In October 2013 there were approximately 160 children and young people from 123 families who are home educated in North Yorkshire, 24% of them are at the primary phase of education with 76% at the secondary phase. This represents approximately 0.2% of the total school age population. The data available in autumn 2010, establishes that this ratio is generally in line with other local authorities in the region (highest 0.43% and lowest 0.13%). Overall figures over recent years have tended to remain fairly similar. In addition 35 children and young people were scheduled to receive visits before the end of the Autumn Term. By March 2013 the total number of children and young people receiving home education had risen to 197.

Between April 2012 and March 2013 there were 6,043 live births for mothers normally resident in North Yorkshire.

Children's Social Care

Children’s Social Care safeguards and promotes the welfare of Children in Need. Under Section 17(10) of the Children Act 1989, a child is a “Child in Need” if:

a) The child is unlikely to achieve or maintain, or to have the opportunity of achieving or maintaining, a reasonable standard of health or development without the provision for him of services by a local authority

b) The child’s health or development is likely to be significantly impaired, or further impaired, without the provision for him of such services; or

c) The child is disabled

Children (under 18) may be 'looked after' by local authorities under a number of different arrangements such as care orders or emergency protection orders outlined in the Children Act 1989.

When a child protection case conference decides a child or young person is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm, a child protection plan is created. A child protection plan is a working tool that enables the family of a child and professionals to understand what is expected of them and what they can expect of others.

Between April 2012 to March 2013, Children’s Social Care (CSC) carried out 3,263 Initial Assessments and 1,720 Core Assessments.

The number of sentences passed upon young people has decreased by 51% over the last three years and the number of children and young people who have been diverted from court by police reprimand or final warning has also decreased at a rate of 35%. The number of first time entrants to the youth justice system has decreased at a rate of 42%.

Youth Justice

The number of young people in the youth justice system has continued to reduce over the past three years. This is a continuation of the trend seen since the replacement in April 2008 of a Police target to increase offences brought to justice with one placing more of an emphasis on targeting serious crime.



Pre-Court Disposals

First Time Entrants













Reductions have been seen in the number of young people entering the Youth Justice System for the first time, as well as in those receiving Court outcomes. More young people are now diverted from formally entering the youth justice system, with a greater emphasis on Community Restorative Disposals and preventative schemes.

This ensures that formal justice processes are focussed on relatively serious offences, with the intention that these cases can be resolved more quickly and effectively. As a consequence, those young people brought into the youth justice system form a smaller, more challenging cohort whose characteristics mean that they are more likely to re-offend.

Useful Links

Child protection and safeguarding
children and young people in...

  • Northallerton
  • Richmond
  • Catterick
  • Scarborough
  • Knaresborough
  • Selby
  • Easingwold
  • Bedale

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